There are many fields in IT industry to make your career in. I am confused! Which is the best for me? Which one to choose ? Which is the most paid job? If I don’t like programming, what should I do? How will I get a decent job in IT industry ? What field should I aim for?
These are the most common questions that comes in every single mind who wants to make a career in IT. If you face similar situations, you have come to the right place. Here are the answers to your questions.
Major job roles in IT industry:
- Software Developers
- System Analyst or Tester
- Hardware Engineers:
- Networking Engineers/System Administrators:
- Database Administrator(DBA):
- Information Security expert:
- Web developer/designer
each one is explained in great detail below.
Different programming languages
Which is the most highly paid job?
Almost everyone googles this single question in deciding career path! I did it a lot of times and each time I get a different answer. Well, honestly speaking It totally depends on you.This depends upon your skill and experience in a particular field. These days companies don’t require you to be the jack of all trades, you have to be specialized in a particular field. The more experience and skill you have, the higher you will be paid. Though, the average mean salary differs for different fields. Pick any one of them which you like and become a specialist in it and you will never remain jobless.
I don’t know anything, where should I start from?
If you have college degree in computer science/IT then it’s cool. There are lot others who even couldn’t afford to have a college degree and yet are in a better position than B.Tech graduates. In the long run it doesn’t really matter. So, don’t loose hope If you don’t have a good degree.
If you are a college kid or someone who really wants to build career in CS/IT then use the power of Internet. Even while going through college you can have expertise in a particular field. I am listing out some online resources from where you can start from the beginning. It doesn’t matter you are a beginner/doing a job.
Video lectures are the most efficient. You can download free video lectures through torrent. There are a lot of them available all over the internet. Visit cbtnuggets.com or lynda.com or udemy.com. They all provide paid videos but their famous videos are available on torrent sites for free. I am not encouraging piracy anyway. They work really hard to deliver the content and should get paid. However being a student, it’s sometime hard to manage the budget. well, free is better.
some other good free resources to learn programming or any other subject of computer science :
- W3schools – www.w3schools.com/ (best place to learn every language related with web development/designing)
- Udemy – www.udemy.com (paid one but it also offers free courses, highly recommended)
Each IT sector field explained in detail
Description: A job that requires the development or continued development and maintenance of a software program.
Requirements: A basic to extensive understanding of a programming language. Because most job positions require the ability to help develop a program, they require several years of past experience or a degree.
Recommendations: Learn one or more programming languages. Depending on what programs or scripts you want to create may change the language you want to learn. These days Java is in the top list of must known languages. However, It doesn’t means you wouldn’t get hired if you don’t know Java. Find out the latest demand of the market and find out what can be the best for your career. These days android development is also a hot skill in the market. There are a lot of other things too. click here to know most hottest programming languages in the market.
My personal suggestion is, if you really want to get into this field, but don’t know where to start then first pick a language you want to learn. Use the power of internet to learn that language. There are tons of video tuts, lectures and interactive sites online. You can easily learn from there. The only thing you need is dedication. If you have completed your basics or you did well in your college paper then visit hackerearth.com and practise different algorithms. It’s a very good place to sharpen your algorithmic programming skills. Personally, i have benefited a lot from there.
Difficulty: (HIGH) Learning a programming language can be as difficult as learning a second language and takes lots of experience and practice to become a skilled programmer.
System Analyst or Tester:
Description: This job requires that the employee test out all features of a product for any problems or usability issues. Although they may be familiar with a variety of programming languages, operating systems, and computer hardware platforms, they do not normally involve themselves in the actual hardware or software development. They may be responsible for developing cost analysis, design considerations and implementation time-lines.
Requirements: Requires that you have a good understanding of computer software, hardware, and the product being tested.
Recommendations: Become familiar with computers, software, hardware, and the products the company makes.
Difficulty: (LOW – MEDIUM) Depending on what is being tested and how much needs to be tested usually determines the difficulty of this job. However, for users familiar with the product or similar products, you should not have much difficulty locating and reporting issues.
Description: A position as a hardware designer, circuit design, embedded systems, firmware, etc. is a job that requires you to design and create a complete hardware package or portions of a hardware device. Electronics engineers have a good scope in this. They can make their career in it.
Requirements: Jobs that design or create hardware devices require that you have a good understanding of electronics, circuits, firmware, or design. For this position you need to have several years of prior experience or a degree in the field.
Recommendations: If you are interested in this field we suggest you get a degree in the field.
Difficulty: (HIGH) Hardware design is a difficult position to learn and understand unless you get training or a degree.
Networking Engineers/System Administrators:
Description: Computer networking jobs involve designing, setting up, and maintaining a network. If you don’t like programming then this is a good option for your career. This doesn’t require much programming skills. You might require some skills like powershell on windows or shell scripting in linux. You should have a very strong concept in Networking subject and you must know in detail about different networking protocols and how they work.
Requirements: Although most users today have their own home networks, setting up, troubleshooting, and maintaining a corporate network can be a much more complicated task. Often, networking jobs also require a good understanding of how a network works, and in some cases how all the underlying protocols and structure of how networks work.
Recommendations: There are numerous network and network related certifications available today, such as the CCNA, MCSE, etc. Often depending on the level of certification and the job you are applying for, the certifications will be more than enough to quality you for most network jobs. Some of the higher networking positions, especially in the development of network hardware or programming side, may also require past experience in networking or a degree.
Difficulty: (MEDIUM – HIGH) Depending upon the job specifications and the complexity of the network usually determines the difficulty of this job.
Description: A job that requires creating, testing, and maintaining one or more database. Every company has got some huge database of many things and maintaining it is your task there. You should have a very good command in your college paper called DBMS(Database Management System) to enter in this career field.
Requirements: Requires a familiarity with or extensive knowledge of databases at the place of employment. For example, Access, FoxPro, MySQL, SQL, and Sybase.
Recommendations: Become familiar with the database being used at the business. If the job is for developing or continuing the development of a database, you need to have a great understanding of the database as well as how to program it. Often this knowledge requires past experience or formal education.
Difficulty: (MEDIUM – HIGH) Developing or maintaining a database can be a difficult and sometimes very complex job. As mentioned above you need to have past experience or formal education with maintaining or developing a database before most companies will even consider you.
Information Security expert:
Description: Test and find vulnerabilities in a system, hardware device, or software program. It is somewhat new in the market and it’s very hot! Cyber security experts are lacking everywhere but there demand is increasing every year. This deals with Ethical hacking and securing your company network/applications from hackers and bad guys.
Requirements: This position is for someone who has a strong familiarity with how software, hardware, and networks work and how to exploit them. Often, you need to have a good understanding of how the overall system works as well as good programming skills. You need to be good in a scripting language like python/ruby/php to write exploits. This field requires you to go in great details about everything and you would have to learn a lot to make career in this field.
Recommendations: Keep up-to-date with all security news, advisories, and other related news. The majority of security vulnerabilities are through software, and in order to understand these vulnerabilities or find new security vulnerabilities, you’ll need to understand how to program and have a good understand of how software works and interacts with computers.
Difficulty: (HIGH) The difficulty of this job depends on what you are testing or trying to find any vulnerabilities in.
It is one of the highly demandable certification in IT security.
Description: Create, maintain, or completely designs a web page. Well, web developer and web designer are two different fields.
Web development deals with backend development. It means the backend scripts which are running on server to deliver you the dynamic contents or linking it with database. You would have to learn PHP, JSP, Cold Fusion for it.
Requirements: For basic web designing positions you should have a good understanding of HTML, the Internet, and web servers. More advanced positions may also require that you be familiar with such things as CGI, CSS, Flash, FTP, JQuery, Linux, Perl, PHP, RSS, SSI, Unix, or XHTML.
In addition to having a good understanding of the technologies and code used to create a web page, you are also often required to know the software programs they are created in.
Recommendations: One of the best learning experiences for people who are interested in this job is to create your own web page. Keep in mind that designing and posting a web page using WYSIWYG editor without some basic understanding of HTML may not be enough for most jobs.
Difficulty: (MEDIUM – HIGH) The complexity of this job is really dependent on how difficult of a project you are working on. Creating and posting a simple website with no interaction is not that hard. However, creating an interactive site with forms, databases, and overall more interaction with the user and the server can increase the difficulty of the job significantly.
Different aspects of Web development